You may find that your skin is darker on some parts and not on others. This is what is called skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation. It is the darkening of some parts of the skin due to the excess production of melanin on the affected parts. Although it is not a life threatening condition, most people are not comfortable with having skin pigments or dark spots on their bodies. It may affect their confidence and self esteem, especially facial pigmentation, and therefore it leads to a need to seek solutions and find out what type of hyperpigmentation treatment will be best.
Hyperpigmentation of skin occurs on different parts of the body such as hands and face, and since they are the most visible parts of the body, there is a need to treat the condition. Before seeking treatment, you should analyze the cause of darkened skin on your body. This will allow you to use the most efficient method to treat the hyperpigmentation, whether a cream or other treatment.
Causes of hyperpigmentation of skin
Darkening of skin is caused by a number of reasons although all of them lead to the over production of melanin causing the dark skin spots. They are:
- Due to outbreak of acne. After it has healed, dark spots are left on the skin. The spots may disappear after a while and therefore this type of pigmentation of the skin is called post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
- Trauma to the skin due to abrasions, cuts and burns. They cause the skin to develop hyperpigmentation on the affected areas.
- Melasma- these are brown patches on the forehead, nose and cheeks. They may appear on pregnant women due to hormonal changes. You may also find them on women who are using birth control pills or those who have undergone hormonal replacement.
- Diseases such as Addison’s and Cushing’s.
- Sun burn or exposure to ultraviolet rays. This causes dark pigmentation spots which are also known as age spots or sun spots to the skin. When skin is exposed to ultra violet light, it produces more melanin causing the skin to darken
Treatment of hyperpigmentation of skin
There are a variety of ways that can be used to treat hyperpigmentation. The treatment should be based on the cause of the skin pigmentation so as to achieve the best results. Some of the methods are:
This involves the use of special equipment by a professional to exfoliate the skin and remove dead cells. This results in an improvement of the skin while reducing the hyperpigmentation of skin. For the best results, one needs to go through the process a couple of times.
Use of skin lightening creams
The skin lightening creams are manufactured using ingredients which cause the dark spots to lighten. The creams work by reducing the production of melanin on the affected area making the smooth and without blemishes. Some of the ingredients contained in the creams are kojic acid, azelaic acid and arbutin. Some creams may have hydroquinone which is a skin lightener that may cause damage to the skin.
This is the use of laser machine to reduce the dark spots. The lasers are attracted to the dark spots and remove them without damaging the skin around.
Cream for pigmentation or hyperpigmentation cream
This is a cream specifically made to lighten the dark spots. One of the best creams for pigmentation is meladerm skin lightening cream. It contains the ingredients required to treat the condition with no adverse side effects. This is because they are naturally occurring unlike other medications which end up damaging the skin and resulting to medical problems. The cream is known to lighten the skin reducing the dark spots, making the skin flawless and without blemishes.
Some of the natural ingredients that are used to make the Meladerm skin lightening cream are: alpha arbutin, kojic acid, licorice, lemon juice extracts, mulberry extracts and bearberry extracts among others. These ingredients are skin lightening ingredients. The cream is made by combining all the ingredients in the right proportion for the best results. It is also manufactured using the best method to ensure its efficiency in treating hyperpigmentation of skin.
Points to note when treating skin pigmentation
When treating hyperpigmentation, it is important to consider the cause of the dark spots. For instance in the case of acne, you should find out what is causing acne to appear. This will deal with root cause of the problem and will prevent another bout of acne occurring after treatment. When treating hyperpigmentation of skin because of sun burn, more emphasis should be put on avoiding exposure to direct sunlight. This will prevent further damage to the skin while at the same time promote healing of the darkened parts of the skin.
For the hyperpigmentation caused by hormones, if it is a pregnant woman, the only thing that can be done is to wait for the pregnancy to end so that the dark spots can disappear. This should be done in addition to preventing exposure to direct sunlight. Skin pigmentation caused by the use of hormonal replacement and birth control pills may stop appearing after the use of the hormones has ended.
Prevention of hyperpigmentation
Most of the causes of dark spots or skin pigmentation can be prevented. For instance, hyperpigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun can be prevented by using sunscreen when exposing oneself to direct sunlight. You should also put protective clothing to reduce the area of the skin exposed to sun.
The skin should be taken care of to reduce instances of getting hyperpigmentation. This can be done by cleaning it well and moisturizing. If the cause of skin pigmentation is acne, then measures should be taken to reduce the occurrence.
Skin pigmentation can be maintained and treated by using the right measures. One of the ways is the use of Meladerm skin lightening cream which has the skin lightening ingredients. There are methods of treating skin pigmentation although some of them may need the use of a skin care professional such as the use of laser treatment and microdermabrasion. Before treatment is done, the cause of the skin pigmentation should be analyzed so as to determine the best method.