Information About Dark Spots On Skin
Dark skin spots or brown spots on skin are also known as hyperpigmentation. This is the darkening of the skin due to increased production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment which produces color in the skin, eyes and hair. Excessive production may lead to darkening of some parts of the skin causing these dark spots on skin. These can occur on any part of the body such as hands, face and neck.
In as much as they are not harmful, the dark spots are often not comfortable to ignore due to concerns of looks and beauty, especially when the dark spots are on your face. This has resulted in those who have any dark spots to seek treatment to make their skin beautiful and blemish free, and one way of this is by using cream for dark spots such as Meladerm skin lightening cream which is among the best creams for dark spots.
Causes of dark skin spots
There are many causes of dark skin spots which include damage from the sun, acne, skin injuries and inflammation. Some of the dark spots are genetically inherited while others are caused by lifestyle. In some instances the spots are caused by hormonal changes especially in the case of pregnant women. Medication such as antibiotics and anti-seizure drugs may also cause the skin to have dark spots.
Damage from the sun
The exposure to the sun leads to ultraviolet light stimulating the production of melanin. This causes darkening of the exposed skin areas creating sun spots, liver spots or age spots (lentigines). Despite the spots being common to those aged 60 years and above, they are not related to the aging process but to the overexposure to sun. In you have these kinds of spots, you should avoid exposure to the sun as much as possible. It is important to apply sunscreen with a high SPF of 30 and above whenever you intend to go out.
Acne is a skin disease that causes the skin to develop post inflammatory hyper pigmentation. This is seen by the dark discolored spots on the areas where acne has healed. The skin later heals although it takes time for the spots to clear.
- Diseases associated with dark spots on skin are:
- Addisons disease- the disease causes the raising of the hormones that promote the production of melanin and this results in dark skin spots or hyperpigmentation.
- Cushing’s disease
- Melasma or chloasma results in dark spots on the skin of pregnant women. It is commonly known as mask of pregnancy and it may disappear after the pregnancy. To reduce its impact, those with the condition should avoid direct exposure to sunlight by using sunscreen and protective clothing.
- Smokers’ melanosis
- Fungal infection such as ringworms
- Haemochromatosis is a genetic disorder characterized with accumulation of iron in the body.
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation
These are dark spots on skin that are left on the skin after there is a burn, cut, pimple or abrasion. The affected area appears darker than other parts of the skin and eventually disappears after a while when the skin has regenerated naturally or with the help of cream for dark spots.
Prevention of dark skin spots
Some of the causes of dark skin spots can be prevented. One good example is sun damage spots such as age spots, and liver spots. These can be prevented by avoiding exposure to direct sunlight. You should also use sunscreen with at least SPF of 15 and preferably higher depending on your skin type. This will prevent overproduction of melanin due to exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Taking safety precautions also prevents the dark spots on skin from recurring in case they have been treated. Skin is sensitive and to help prevent dark spots, skin should be well taken care of. This should be through cleansing it, exfoliating, moisturizing and protecting it.
So far there is no cure for dark skin spots. Despite that, they can be managed to reduce their appearance. This can be done by using skin care products such as creams for dark spots with ingredients that lighten the skin such as alpha hydroxyl acids (glycolic and lactic acid). These acids assist in removal of dead cells which have the pigment, reducing discoloration in addition to lightening the skin.
There are various ways of treating dark spots on skin such as with the use of hydroquinone, azelaic acid, ascorbic acid, tretinoin, kojic acid, alpha hydroxyl acids licorice extracts and glucocorticoids. These ingredients work by inhibiting the production of melanin, lightening the skin where there are dark spots. There are creams available on the market which have these ingredients and they help to clear the spots.
To achieve the best results in treating dark spots on skin, the skin should first be analyzed to determine the cause of the dark skin spots. Some of the areas that should be looked into are:
- Sun exposure
The analysis should focus on whether the skin has been exposed to sun, whether there has been the use of effective sunscreen.
- Medical conditions
Since some medical conditions cause the skin to have dark spots, an analysis should be done to find out if there is a condition causing the prevalence of spots. Some of the diseases that should be looked into are Cushing’s and Addison’s diseases.
- Pregnancy or use of hormones
Questions should be asked of a recent pregnancy or use of hormones such as in birth control and hormonal replacement. Change of hormones in the recent past can cause the appearance of dark spots on the skin.
- Use of drugs
Certain drugs such as antibiotics, anti seizure drugs and cancer drugs may cause the appearance of dark spots on the skin. It is important to put their use into consideration in determining the cause of the spots.
Dark spots on the skin may be caused by a myriad of factors, but you should not allow them to trouble you, as there are actions you can take. They can be managed and controlled using preventive measures and treatment. They can be treated using suitable creams available for dark spots which have ingredients that can work by inhibiting production of melanin. One of the products with this capability is Meladerm skin lightening cream which is manufactured using natural lightening ingredients and is not harmful to the skin.